("The highlight of the College year, Trinity Monday is the day upon which all new Scholars and Fellows of the College are publicly announced from the steps of the Examination Hall in Front Square. " from Trinity College Dublin's website— click here.)
We are celebrating Trinitytide (the liturgical tide or time following Trinity Sunday) by offering an overview of the Progressive Revelation of God's Being.
Today: the emergence of Monotheism— the belief in one, and only one, God.
1. Before Abraham, ca 2000 BC
Polytheism— the belief in many gods
"Then Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and summoned the elders, the heads, the judges, and the officers of Israel; and they presented themselves before God. And Joshua said to all the people, "Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Long ago your ancestors—Terah and his sons Abraham and Nahor—lived beyond the Euphrates and served other gods" ( Joshua 24:1-2)
2. About 1200 BC
Henotheism— the belief in one's own God among the many available gods; and
Monolatry— the worship of only one's own God among the many available gods
"There is none like you among the gods, O Lord" Psalm 86:8
"For the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gods." Psalm 95:3
"For the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gods." Psalm 135:5
3. About 550 BC
The first clear statement of Monotheism— the belief in one, and only one, God.
"Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: I am the first and I
am the last; besides me there is no god.
"Who is like me? Let them proclaim it, let them declare and set it forth before me.
"Who has announced from of old the things to come? Let them tell us what is yet to be.
"Do not fear, or be afraid; have I not told you from of old and declared it?
"You are my witnesses!
"Is there any god besides me? There is no other rock; I know not one." Isaiah 44:6-8
Tomorrow: Intimations of the Trinity in the Holy Scriptures